The first workshop had over 100 attendees. After opening presentations by the Shandong FAO (Li Yongshen, Deputy Director, and others), a memorandum of co-operation between IEA CCC and Shandong Energy was signed during a small ceremony.
Press had been invited to the workshop, and Dr Minchener gave a number of interviews for television and other news media and issued press releases.
During the technical presentations by the experts, there was little time for questions; the follow-on discussions session on the second day was the main occasion reserved for this.
Discussions session, 14 January
Senior representatives from Shandong Energy and technical staff from Shandong Energy and other organisations attended. The Shandong Energy senior management commented that the technologies the experts described would be very helpful in planning policies and actions in the Province.
Regarding power generation at existing plants using poor quality coals, Shandong confirmed that retrofitting of clean-up technologies was vital to keep the facilities sufficiently non-polluting to operate within new emissions limits.
For small industrial boilers, technology innovations from Tsinghua University were recognised as of interest and relevance, and it was recognised that provincial legislative framework needed to be in place to enable government support for pilot projects.
A question on reducing emissions from a biomass boiler of around 100 MWth indicated that the NOx limit (100 mg/m3) was much stricter than the EU limit for equipment of that size range.
Significantly, the session generated separate conversations immediately afterwards between the Chinese experts and a number of attendees who wanted to set up demonstrations at plants.
Shijiazhuang, Hebei Province, 15 January, 2015
In Hebei Prvince, where the pollution is particularly severe, involvement of the Provincial Administration was a feature, although there was no press. Press releases were however issued by IEA CCC.
On the evening of 14 January, the experts were hosted at a banquet given by Mr Li Pu, Secretary General, Hebei Provincial People’s Government.
Banquet in Shijiazhuang
The workshop here on 15 January also had over 100 attendees, and was opened by Mr Li, who had hosted the welcoming banquet the previous evening.
The technical presentations by the experts were listened to attentively. There were no questions because the follow-up discussions session at the end of the same day was reserved for these.
Discussions session following workshop
Introducing, Dr Minchener asked delegates to consider what concrete actions needed to be identified in order to move forward in Hebei. He asked for answers to two key questions: Was there a technical roadmap in place for Hebei; and were suitable regulatory policies in place in the Province to ensure implementation of the technologies?
Dr Andrew Minchener
Cao Zizhou, Director, Hebei Department of Environmental Protection, Division of Science-Technology and Foreign Cooperation, said that they had already developed an overall policy on addressing air pollution, especially concerning small industrial boilers. They have also produced a timetable for implementation at major enterprises. Regarding cement, steel and glass manufacture, the Department has formulated local emissions requirements for SOx, NOx and VOCs. Some of these limits were even more stringent than the national standards. There was a list of requirements for 109 existing installations, and a second list for new plants.
Concerning the financing of pilot projects, 4 bn RMB had been allocated, plus another 6 bn RMB from national funds. Under the Blue Sky Programme, they can seek input from foreign providers.
A representative of the Metallurgical Association said that roadmaps have been developed with universities and research institutes and published in 2012 by the Energy Conservation Department of the Metallurgical Association. Priorities are promoting innovation, together with energy conservation and emissions reduction. The Association has developed a Technical Action Plan for the metallurgical industry within the Province.
Li Jian shu, of the Development and Reform Commission of Hebei Province, Department of Foreign Capital and Overseas Investment, spoke of the use of briquetted fuels, containing binders, used in domestic appliances. There are large numbers of plants for producing them, with 200 plants likely by 2020, owned by 60 enterprises.
Wang Xianqiang, Deputy Secretary General, Hebei Environmental Protection Federation, said that they had established a Provincial database for determination of environmental protection needed. The Blue Sky Programme has established what technologies are needed. They have two projects.
He has also established a “Green Talent Base” to offer better service and advice in future, with a mechanism for sharing data. This currently has over 10 international and 30 Chinese experts, and he was seeking to add the IEA CCC and other experts to it.
There were also a number of owners of domestic fuel briquetting plants present who asked questions regarding use of biomass as partial feed to their plants. Other interest came from industrial boilermakers, who were interested in CFBC to reduce NOx and SO2 emissions. A cement manufacturer was concerned about ammonia emissions if NOx control was fitted to furnaces, so innovative solutions would be valuable.