There are now 18 large-scale carbon capture and storage (CCS) facilities around the world, with China recently establishing the 18th. The country is continuing to set the pace in deploying CCS as a vital climate change technology. Its CCS facility in Jilin has reached a storage capacity of 0.6 million tonnes of CO2 per annum. Jilin joins the ranks of major commercial CCS facilities in the United States, Canada, Norway, Brazil, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates.
Global CCS Institute CEO, Brad Page, said this shows the speed at which China is accelerating CCS deployment and the commitment that national, regional and municipal governments are according the technology. “Over the past year, China has shown a massive resolve in deploying CCS technology and there are now more than 20 projects in various stages of development.” “China recognises that CCS is the only clean technology that can be applied to decarbonise major industries and has the added potential to create new revenue streams which enable economic growth,” he explained.
Page said CCS is now part of long term, five-year strategic plans across China and acceleration has been aided by the roll-out of an emissions trading scheme, with a carbon price about to be introduced. “This is the type of policy confidence and predictability which we have long been advocating. It shows that with the right support, collaborative participation, and economic instruments, CCS can play its part in helping the world meet climate change targets.”
PetroChina has placed a big attention on CCS development and Jilin is one of two national CCS projects in its charge. Jilin CCUS is located in north eastern China and is capturing CO2 from a natural gas processing plant at the Changling gas field and transporting it by pipeline to onshore injections sites.
Dr. Liu Qiang, Director of Strategy and Planning Department at the National Centre for Climate Change Strategy and International Cooperation (NCSC), said injecting CO2 into oil reservoirs for Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) has been practiced by PetroChina Jilin on a pilot scale since 2006, creating the co-benefit of enhancing oil production while reducing anthropogenic CO2 emissions to the atmosphere.
China is already developing two other large-scale CCS facilities – the Sinopec Qilu Petrochemical CCS facility in Zibo (Shangdong Province), and the Yanchang CCS facility in Xi-an (Shaanxi Province). These facilities will capture 400,000 tonnes, and 410,000 tonnes of CO2 respectively.