Ukraine’s energy economy is largely served by natural gas imported from Russia, even though coal is the country’s richest resource of fossil fuels. Within the power generating sector, nuclear power’s role is expected to increase in the future. The country’s 60 Mt/y coal industry, mostly bituminous and anthracite, has recently undergone a programme of changes, including mine privatisation, closing of unproductive mines and, in some cases, modernisation of equipment and improvement of safety measures. Non-fossil/nuclear energy sources play a minor role in the country’s energy balance.
Coal is located mainly in Donbass, in the eastern Donetsk region of Ukraine. There are a few, smaller fields in other parts of the country. Ukraine’s Energy Strategy to 2030 is based on the government’s intention to decrease the country’s dependence on imported fuels. It includes plans to increase the coal production. The power generation sector has over-capacity and is exporting to neighbouring countries. However, power shortages occur due to plant inefficiency and large transmission losses. While nuclear power is being pursued, coal is becoming a growing factor in the future prosperity of the Ukrainian economy.
Title: Prospects for coal and clean coal in Ukraine, CCC/183
Author(s): Morel Oprisan
ISBN: ISBN: 978-92-9029-503-7
Publication Date: 01/05/2011